Saturday, February 04, 2006

Hebrews 1:3 study notes part 2

These are adapted from a study I was part of about 5 or 6 years ago. They are intended as a starting point for study.
For context here is Hebrews 1:1-4.

We're looking a verse 3-
And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

In this part we'll look at the 3rd point from the the original thread.-
He (Jesus) upholds all things by the word of His power.

This ties in with Creation- In Col. 1:16-17 we read:
“For by Him (Jesus) all things were created both in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities-all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before (pre-existing) all things and in Him all things hold together."

The Church Father-John Chrysostom,
called upholding a greater work than that of Creation, that just took six days. Without His upholding all things would fall apart. He’s been upholding for thousands of years. This shows a greater connection to us. He is involved. This shows power.

The word for upholding refers to the concept of progress. He directs all things, He is sovereign. He didn’t merely create and uphold, but works all things to His will, He directs history- a sovereign God who doesn’t direct history is very contradictory.

What are the implications of Jesus being the upholder of all things?
He is the Creator, Sustainer/upholder, Sovereign Lord of the Universe. Why should we abandon Him? He has a legitimate claim on us, and we ought to listen to Him. He has the right to tell us what’s right and wrong.

For believers it means our salvation is sure because He is working everything to His will. We ought to be thankful, worshipful and obedient.

The unbeliever rejects the Lord of the universe and worships self. He has nothing to be truly thankful for, and no one to be thankful to. He is an idolater whether he intends to be or not. He has put something else in the place of God.

This also points out that He has the right to judge. His second coming will be one of judgment-this is agreed upon by Christians who hold to a variety of end times views. We’re going to spend eternity somewhere, and after we die-it's too late to change.

(My main references for this study were-John Owen's Commentary on Hebrews, Matthew Henry's Bible Commentary, and Kenneth Wuest's Hebrews translation & commentary. I also referenced study notes in The MacArthur Study Bible & the New Geneva Study Bible, (Which is now called the Reformation Study Bible.) Any deviation I have made from these is my own fault.)


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